Based on notes taken in Mrs Tran's class
Neoplatonism - renewed interest Plato's writings esp Dialogues. Florentine Platonic Academy - initially informal discussion group, later influential but never really a formal school. Marsilio Ficino - undertook translation of Plato's Dialogues (tried to converge Platonic thought with Christianity w/ 2 main ideas, 1 Neoplatonic great chain of being: substance heirarchy from lowest like plants to humans to God on top, link btwn material, spirit world, greatest understanding would be union with God/union is reason of human existance, 2Neoplatonic theory of spiritual love, humanity joined by love, parts of universe held togh by love). Hermiticism - Ficino also translated obscure work called [thought was Egyptian dictated by a god, really from roman empire] Corpus Hermeticum which had 2 kinds of writing: the occult with an emphasis on astrology, alchemy and magic. Philosoph speculations (some pantheistic god in all of nature, some saw universe as an active, organic whole), important b/c believe humans had dual nature: divine w/ supernat powers, essentially human. Decline of Humanism - during latter half of Ren. b/c by 1530s most classical texts examined/studied, contents made common knowledge. DONE! Vernacular & invention of printing - vernac developed in Middle Ages, more common Ren, rivalled Latin. 2 effects: more people read, more books were written b/c didnt need 2 learn formal Latin, rise in secular literature. Rise in nationalism. Made possible b/c moveable type printing in Germany perfected (Gutenberg) circa 1455, 50% religious others classical texts, philosophy, grammar, legal, romances, became industry. Encouraged scholarship by standardizing texts, developed an educated and literate lay public.