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The Martial Arts
Based on a homework assignment from Mrs Huntley's class

Bruce Lee (1940-1973)

  1. Born in San Francisco in November 1940, son of a Chinese opera singer
  2. Films include The Birth of Mankind (first movie), Enter the Dragon (most famous movie), and Game of Death (last movie)
  3. Went to Hong Kong for a while, returned to US to get a philosophy degree
  4. In Hong Kong, learned from Yip Min (master of Wing Chun), and learned Kung Fu
Martial Arts
  1. System of techniques that are physically intended for self-defense, and mentally to teach self-control.
  2. Mostly based on Eastern traditions.

    Aikido
    1. Created in Japan by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969)
    2. Not for combat, but for self cultivation/improvement
    Arnis
    1. Filipino Martial Art
    2. Uses techniques with and without weapons (sticks, knives, swords, just about anything used once proficient enough)
    3. Not very strict discipline, focused more on actually training instead of formalities
    Capoeira
    1. More of a dance than fighting style, though it incorporates blades/sticks
    2. Performed in circle, "roda," with music playing
    3. Brazilian Martial Art
    Hapkido
    1. Korean Martial Art
    2. Uses weapons
    3. Was only used in the Royal Palace (very secret) until collapse of last dynasty, some 70 years ago
    Judo
    1. First martial art to adopt the belt ranking system
    2. Japanese Martial Art
    3. Refinement of jujutsu, founded in 1882 by Dr. Jigoro Kano
    4. Introduced into the Olympic Games in 1964
    Jujutsu
    1. Japanese Martial Art
    2. Was the techniques of the Samurai, originally
    3. Uses weapons, esp. swords
    Karate
    1. Japanese Martial Art
    2. Meditiation, breathing exercises are common however mostly fighting
    3. Weapons used in some styles
    4. Very wide variety of Karate schools, whose main philosophies/techniques etc differ greatly
    Kung Fu
    1. Translation means "Disciplined Person"
    2. Chinese Martial Art
    3. 6000 years old
    Tae Kwon Do
    1. Translation means "Kick Punch Art"
    2. Put together in 1940s by General Cho Hong Hi, based on techniques from Karate and Taek Kyon (Japanese and Korean, respectively), though much wider taught in Korea (in their army, for example).
    Tai Chi Chuan
    1. Emphasizes stability, has limited jumps and kicks
    2. Many different styles/families: most common five today are Yang, Chen, Wu, Sun and Woo
    3. By legend, it was developed by a Taoist priest who saw a crane preying on a snake and mimicked their movements for Tai Chi
    4. Chinese Martial Art
References:
Akiyama, Jun et al. AkiWeb. 24 Jan 2002. www.aikiweb.com
Atlanta Martial Arts Directory. 24 Jan 2002. www.atlantamartialarts.com/
Hapkido International Association. 24 Jan 2002. www.hapkidoia.com
"History of Tai Chi Chuan." 24 Jan 2002. http://www.stanford.edu/group/taichi_wushu/taichi.history.html
Jitsuka. 24 Jan 2002. www.jitsuka.org
Justin's Guide to Taekwon-Do. 24 Jan 2002. http://koreantaekwondo.tripod.com
Narland, Bjomar. Capoeira. 24 Jan 2002. http://www.capoeira.htmlplanet.com
Ohlenkamp, Neil. Judo Information Site. 24 Jan 2002. www.judoinfo.com
"What is Kung Fu Wu Su." 24 Jan 2002. www.kungfu-wusu.com