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Literary Terms and Devices
Based on a handout from Mrs Kim's class

These will be used in fiction and poetry, mostly. You know most of these already, but you should be able to recognize thees elements readily when seen in writing.

Allegory/allegorical: a work that functions on a symbolic, not literal, level
Allusion: reference to some other work or well-known story
Antecedent (not really a literary term, but you should know it): word or phrase whose meaning is referred to by a pronoun (John in "Mary saw John and called to him")
Assonance: similar sounding words placed together
Caesura: pause or break in a line of verse
Colloquialism: slang, vernacular
Conflict: person vs person, vs self, vs nature, vs society
Denouement: the resolution, how a conflict worked itself out
Diactic/Pedantic: something that is didactic is meant to instruct; someone who is pedantic has a lecturing tone
Ellipsis... (the three dots, especially in the middle of a sentence, implying a pause or transition)
Epigraph: quotation that prefaces a written work
Euphemism: substitution of an inoffensive expression for one that may offend or be unpleasant
Euphony/Cacophony: antonyms - euphony means sounding lovely
Exposition: explanation
Figurative language (simile, metaphor, symbol, motif)
Flashback: duh
Hyperbole: exaggeration - "I thought I was going to die!"
Imagery: words that create a mental image (a recurring motif, a simile, a metaphor, or vivid diction)
Irony (situational, dramatic): situational irony is when a series of events does not result in the expected conclusion; dramatic irony is when the audience knows more than the characters in the play/film
Mood: expression of feeling, state of mind, or emotion in a work
Motif: recurring thematic element or idea (aka leitmotif)
Pacing: see consistent control (rhetorical strategy)
Parable: story with a moral; a fable but with a religiously moral principle
Paradox: contradictory statement (longer than an oxymoron)
Parody: imitating someone's style to ridicule or mock them
Satire: using humor to point out the flaw or error in something
Sarcasm: bitter, caustic and often ironic language that is usually directed against an individual
Point of view: first person, third person, third person omniscient - who's narrating?
Tone: arthor's attitude towards his/her subject